Tutorial for AFRICATEK 2017
The Internet of Things for Developing Economies: Fundamentals and Case Studies
Roch Glitho, PhD, Associate Professor and Canada Research Chair, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada - (http://users.encs.concordia.ca/~glitho)
Roch H. Glitho, PhD, holds a Ph.D. in tele-informatics (Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden), and M.Sc. degrees in business economics (University of Grenoble, France), pure mathematics (University Geneva, Switzerland), and computer science (University of Geneva). He is an associate professor of networking and telecommunications at Concordia University, Montreal, Canada where he holds a Canada Research Chair in End-User Service Engineering for Communication Networks. In the past he has worked in industry for almost a quarter of a century and has held several senior technical positions at LM Ericsson in Sweden and Canada (e.g. expert, principal engineer, senior specialist). In the past he has served as IEEE Communications Society distinguished lecturer, Editor-In-Chief of IEEE Communications Magazine and Editor-In-Chief of IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is an emerging technology poised to play a vital role in developing economies. It exploits the ubiquity of objects such as sensors and actuators. These objects could be networked and collaborate for meeting specific goals. The expected applications are numerous and cover all aspects of business and everyday life. A plethora of these applications are peculiarly pertinent for developing economies. This tutorial presents the fundamentals of IoT for developing economies and discuss concrete case studies. We start by a primer on IoT at large. The communications, networking and applications provisioning aspects are introduced. Protocols such 6LowWPAN and CoAP are discussed. In the second part of the tutorial we present the specifics of IoT in developing economies. These specifics include the visions, challenges, and potential applications. The last part of the tutorial is devoted to the case studies. Water resource management and healthcare are among the examples that are covered. We conclude by providing a tentative answer to the following question: Is IoT for developing economies a fad or a sound enabler?